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Commission on Population and Development

The Commission was established in 1946 as the Population Commission, and is composed of 47 member States who meet annually in New York. Following the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held at Cairo in 1994, it was renamed the Commission on Population and Development in order to emphasize its expanded role as the main follow-up mechanism to the decisions of the Conference, and the new international approaches that aim to integrate population concerns into development strategies. The Commission is responsible for preparing studies and advising ECOSOC on a range of population issues; monitoring, reviewing and assessing the implementation of the ICPD Programme of Action at the national, regional and global levels; and making appropriate recommendations to the Council on its findings.

 2007 | Background Document | Links

Fortieth session  (April 9-13, 2007)  

The Population Commission’s 2007 theme, “the changing age structures of populations and their implications for development,” coincides with the Madrid International Plan of Action on Aging’s five year review which started this year. Many speakers picked up on the theme, calling attention to the Madrid Plan and its recommendations. 

Statement: A World Fit for all Ages (April 9, 2007) 
In her statement the CPD, Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, Executive Director of UNFPA, recalls the theme of the first International Year of Older Persons in 1999, “a society for all ages” drawing attention to the importance of intergenerational solidarity, which resonates through the Madrid Plan. Further, Ms. Obaid highlights many issues that are also priorities in the Plan, such as income and health service support. Lastly, Ms. Obaid encourages Member States to “incorporate the issues of older persons in national development frameworks and poverty reduction strategies.” 

Background Documents

ICPD Programme of Action (1994)
The Programme of Action included provisions aiming at protecting older persons, particularly with regard to establishment of social security systems; elimination of all forms of violence and discrimination; access to healthcare; and assistance to those displaced during conflict. The ICPD commitments were reaffirmed at a special session of the General Assembly held in 1999, which called for the development of comprehensive strategies to meet the challenges of population ageing and for paying special attention to the economic and social security of older persons.


Department of Economic and Social Affairs - Population and Development Division 
The Population Division, the main Secretariat unit assisting the Commission, compiles and analyzes data on populations aging. The division also prepared materials for the 2002 World Assembly on Ageing:

Population Ageing 2002 (Wall Chart)
This Population Aging Wall Chart lists the estimated global population growth of persons aged 60 years or older between the years of 2002 and 2050. The UN projects that this age group will grow to almost 2 billion in 2050, and thus, for the first time in history overtake the population of children. 

World Population Ageing: 1950-2050
The Population Division for the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs prepared this report for the 2002 World Assembly on Ageing and its follow up. The report analyzes on global trends in population ageing and takes a closer look into major areas, lesser developed regions and individual countries.

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